There are two different types of cannabis plants – Indica and Sativa. Each kind of plant has different effects on both the body and mind. Frequently, especially in today’s rapidly more sophisticated and legal markets, the two plants are also interbred to create special hybrids.
The original classification of cannabis Indica was made in 1785 by French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.
Indica plants can be identified by the fact that they are the stubbier of the two breeds – with wider leaves. This also makes them better for small indoor growing spaces, particularly as they have more chlorophyll and less of the pigment that helps protect plants from too much direct sunlight.
The high produced by Indica is more of a “body” high that induces sleep and creates deep relaxation.
Indica strains also tend to have a strong sweet or sour odour (for example Kush).
Indica strains are frequently used to treat general anxiety, body pain and sleeping disorders as well as to treat the muscle spasms created by movement disorders. They are also thought to have originated in the Hindu Kush region near Afghanistan. The thick coats of resin common to this strain of pot also protect the plant from harsh climate conditions.
Indica plants and strains also tend to produce heavier yields than Sativa strains.
Indica plants tend to have higher THC to CBD ratios, whereas the CBD content of sativa and sativa dominant strains makes these ratios lower.